In Part Two we looked at how to choose the right project settings, and how to set up your scratch disk.
In this part we’ll take at look at some popular codecs and see how to import and work with them in Adobe Premiere Pro. Finally, we’ll look at some common errors and glitches, and how to troubleshoot them.
How to import video with different codecs
There are many codecs and container options out there. Just when you think you have a handle on things, a new codec is announced. It’s a way of life, which is unlikely to be ‘corrected’ soon.
You always have to stay ahead of the game. Let’s look at a few codecs and how to deal with them.
H.264 is the ubiquitous codec, and it looks like it will stay for quite some time. Adobe Premiere Pro supports H.264 natively, via either of the import methods mentioned in Part One.
For more information on shooting with DSLR footage, read the Adobe DSLR Workflow Guide.
H.264 – ALL-I
The ‘new’ entrant to the H.264 family is just an interpretation of the codec with interframe turned off. Adobe Premiere Pro supports it natively via either of the import methods mentioned in Part One.
AVCHD is a ‘version’ of the MPEG-4 AVC specification, or H.264, and Adobe Premiere Pro supports it natively via either of the import methods mentioned in Part One.
Sony codecs do find their way into Adobe Premiere Pro, but always ‘one step behind’, if you know what I mean. Now that Adobe Premiere Pro supports all versions of XDCAM (EX and HD) natively via either of the import methods mentioned in Part One, Sony has moved on, so to speak.
Make sure you copy all the files in the media card folder to your source footage drive, keeping the folder name and structure intact.
An advanced workflow (like using Gamma, etc.) is beyond the scope of this article, but you can start by reading the excellent Adobe XDCAM Workflow Guide.
Sony’s new baby codec, is supported by Adobe Premiere Pro natively, albeit with a $350 third-party plugin from MainConcept (now part of Rovi): the Rovi TotalCode Plug-in.
Caveat: If you want to use the plug-in, I highly recommend you don’t use the trial version. The trial version lets you test XAVC with a watermark, plus it watermarks a few other existing codecs as well!
CANON XF (MXF)
This applies to files from both the XF series cameras as well as the Cinema EOS line (Cxxx). Make sure you copy all the files in the media card folder.
Adobe Premiere Pro supports it natively via either of the import methods mentioned in Part One. To know how to work with Log Gamma and other tricky stuff, I recommend you read the Canon Video Camera Workflow Guide.
HDV and DV
Of course, you can also Capture HDV from a camera or tape deck directly. For DV and HDV, this method is preferable over Import… since you will also get important metadata and timecode this way (if the camera supplies it).
REDCODE RAW R3D/RMD
Adobe Premiere Pro supports Redcode RAW natively via either of the import methods mentioned in Part One. All resolutions, compression levels and ‘Gammas’ are supported.
You can use RedCine-X to save files as .RMD, and import them into Premiere Pro. A full workflow is beyond the scope of this article, but Adobe has an excellent Red Workflow Guide.
Adobe Premiere Pro supports Arriraw (.ARI) natively via either of the import methods mentioned in Part One.
Since .ARI files are saved as single frames (sort of like Cinema DNG), you might try to import them as image sequences, but this isn’t necessary. Just import the first frame in each folder (make sure you copy all the files from the media drive) and Premiere Pro does the rest. These files are treated as ‘spanned clips’.
Arriraw is extremely tough on the system, and on average, I’ve noticed scrubbing and playback is tougher. E.g., if Red 5K can be scrubbed or played back at 1/2 resolution, then Arriraw will need 1/4. The funny thing is, if you reduce the resolution of 5K to 1/4, the resulting image is still good on a 1080p monitor. The same can’t be said of 2.5K Arriraw, or 1080p material in general.
HDCAM SR (SStP)
This codec is not supported natively. You’ll have to transcode to Prores, etc. Now that Sony has brought this codec back (in a tape-less version), we might see native support in the next update. But don’t hold your breath.
Adobe Premiere Pro supports MPEG-4 (.MP4) natively via either of the import methods mentioned in Part One.
X.264 is not supported by Adobe Premiere Pro unless you rewrap it into a MOV container with the Quicktime player installed. One plug-in that you can use is X264Pro, but it costs $300 or so.
You could also try the FFMPEG command-line tool to rewrap files.
As long as you have Quicktime installed, Adobe Premiere Pro supports Prores (.MOV) and most Quicktime codecs natively via either of the import methods mentioned in Part One. No transcoding or rewrapping necessary.
Adobe Premiere Pro does not support DNxHD natively, unless it is rewrapped in a MOV Container with the Avid Codec Pack and Quicktime installed.
DNxHD MXF files will need to be transcoded or rewrapped with third-party software before import. Once it is in a MOV container, you can import it via either of the import methods mentioned in Part One.
Adobe Premiere Pro supports both Log and Linear DPX sequences via either of the import methods mentioned in Part One.
IMAGE SEQUENCES – TIFF, JPEG, PSD, ETC.
Adobe Premiere Pro supports image sequences (8-bit and 16-bit, compressed and uncompressed, with an alpha channel) via either of the import methods mentioned in Part One.
You only have to select the first image/frame in the folder, and tick the box that says Image Sequence. Make sure they are numbered correctly in sequence.
Of course, this list isn’t exhaustive. For codecs I’ve left out, check out Adobe’s Workflow Guides.
We have covered everything you need to know to set up your Adobe Premiere Pro project, files and drives. In this article, we have also covered some of the most popular codecs and how to import them. It all sounds too easy, but it isn’t.
What could possibly go wrong?
A few common errors when importing
Importing Errors are common. Don’t panic. The manual gives you clear instructions on how to deal with common problems. Here are some common errors and what they could mean:
The importer reported a generic error
This is one error that stems from programming laziness. It’s either that, or its willful obfuscation. Either way, it doesn’t tell you what the problem is.
The file has no video or audio streams
This happens when Adobe Premiere Pro recognizes the file type but cannot make sense of the data inside.
Codec not found errors – various types
This one’s pretty easy. You don’t have the codec installed on your computer. Some codecs don’t ship with Adobe Premiere Pro, and you’ll need to install them manually.
Troubleshooting Importing Errors
When faced with the above errors, try the following:
- Are you on a trial version? The trial version does not have all codecs installed. You only get them once you’ve activated with a fully paid version.
- Have you activated your product successfully? Without a full and valid activation, some codecs might not work correctly. In Adobe’s words: Sometimes, codecs aren’t available because the software can’t communicate to the activation server.
- Is Quicktime installed (for any codec in a .MOV container)?
- Have you installed and activated the necessary codec packs or plug-ins correctly?
- Have you copied ALL the files from the media card/drive to your source footage drive? This is the most likely reason for the second error above.
- Can you playback your files correctly with another NLE or player?
- Are you sure your codec is supported by Adobe?
- Are your files copied from a Mac-formatted (or PC, the other way around) drive?
- Are your folders encrypted (in green in Windows) or Zipped or Compressed?
- Do you have the latest version of Adobe Premiere Pro? If not, update.
- Delete the Media Cache. You’ll find it here:
File (or Premiere Pro) > Preferences > Media
If none of these solve your problem, then try what Adobe recommends in their ‘Presets Missing’ Document:
Solution 1: Make sure that Adobe Premiere Pro is activated.
Restart Adobe Premiere Pro while computer is online.
Complete the activation process.
Close and restart Adobe Premiere Pro when activation is complete.
Solution 2: Uninstall and reinstall Adobe Premiere Pro.
Uninstall Adobe Premiere Pro or the Creative Suite.
Run the cleanup script found here: http://www.adobe.com/support/contact/cscleanertool.html
Reinstall Adobe Premiere Pro or the Creative Suite.
Launch Adobe Premiere Pro.
When prompted for activation during launch, ensure that the computer is online and complete activation.
If the computer cannot be brought online, complete the offline activation during the first launch of the software. Do not choose to activate later.
After Activation, close and restart Adobe Premiere Pro.
Step 3: If these steps do not resolve the issue, submit a detailed bug report to https://www.adobe.com/cfusion/mmform/index.cfm?name=wishform
There you have it. We’re done. By now you should have a clear idea of how to import video into Adobe Premiere Pro.
A word about frustration: Even after you’ve tried and tested everything, sometimes things don’t work the way they’re meant to. Such is life. When you’re faced with seemingly insurmountable import errors, try transcoding to another format and re-import. Don’t let bugs ruin your day.